Special programs allow students to explore areas of their interest in depth and outside the structure of the usual academic schedule. They also gain and learn a sense of community among students since they spend an extended period of time together.
Types of Special Education Programs
Special education is the education program for students with disabilities or special needs. Gifted students achieve more in special education, regardless of whether they get that extra help in the regular classroom or in special classes and schools.
Students with disabilities often need more practice than other students to master skills. This program usually involves the well planned and systematically monitored teaching procedures which are designed to help learners with special needs which include;
- Learning differences
- Communication challenges
- Emotional and behavioral disorders
- Physical disabilities
- Developmental disabilities
Special Education Services
Special education is a program specifically designed to address the educational and related developmental needs of children with disabilities. These children are usually entitled to receive special services through the public schools which are free of charge.
Different states have different criteria for eligibility, services available, and procedures for implementing the laws for these services. This process requires school districts, in collaboration with students, families and community service agencies, to help students with disabilities.
Children with disabilities have equal access to the provision of physical education like other students. Schools also provide individualized instruction in physical education designed to meet the unique needs of the child.
Important Role of Parents
Intervention with the family of a child with a disability is important because the child’s adjustment and progress depends on parent’s emotional reactions and their strengths. Parents can be guided with understanding the special needs of their child and provided with information about child development.
Everyday Ways Teachers Help
A teacher is likely to recognize the complex factors and psychological behavior in a student, even though they experience daily problems related to communicating effectively with their students. Teachers are in need of interpersonal and multicultural communication skills to reach each and every student with special needs.
- Always ask questions in a way that helps the student gain confidence. Keep oral instructions logical and concise.
- Have more complex lessons recorded and available to the students with learning disabilities.
- Present new and or technical vocabulary on the chalkboard. Provide and teach memory associations.
- Speech should be at a rate that the student can follow. Technical content should be presented in small steps.
- Always use plenty of examples in order to make topics easier to understand.
- Always write in such a way that it does not clutter the blackboard.