Common special needs include difficulties in learning communication challenges, emotional and behavioral disabilities, physical disorders as well as developmental inabilities. Children with such needs are called children with special needs.
The Special Education system has been for children with special needs in a way that it addresses every student’s individual differences and difficulties. Ideally, this is the process that involves individually planned and carefully supervised methods of teaching procedures, modified equipment, instruments and materials adapted for the purpose. It also contains accessible settings, and other arrangements designed to help children with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and community and the society as a whole than would be available if he/she were only given access to a typical classroom education in the common public education system.
Children with special needs of this kind are likely to benefit from supplementary educational services, separate methods of teaching, access to a resource room and use of technology which is specially made to suit their requirements. Intellectual giftedness is also termed as a difference in learning; children having this are also called children with special needs. They can also benefit from specialized teaching techniques or singular educational programs, but the term “special education” is generally used to specifically indicate instructions given to pupils whose special needs reduce their ability to learn independently or in a classroom.
Mental retardation has medically been defined as possessing an Intelligence Quotient score of below 70. Children with this ability are called children with special needs. Children with such mental deficits have been observed to have learned normal functions like sitting up, crawling, walking or speech recognition and speaking at a latter age as compared to other children. Children with mental retardation may also exhibit delays in oral language development and speech recognition, deficits in intellectual abilities, difficulty in learning the social rules, delays in the development of adaptability.
For more information about children with special needs.
Children With Special Needs: Lessons for Early Childhood Professionals (Early Childhood Education, 82)
Different Croaks for Different Folks: All About Children With Special Learning Needs
Breakthrough Parenting for Children with Special Needs: Raising the Bar of Expectations
Young Children with Special Needs (5th Edition)
The Special Needs Acceptance Book: Being a Friend to Someone with Special Needs.