Some children today suffer from physical and mental impairments which can severely affect their development and can result in significant problems. A large number of children today attend pre-school. The environment decreases the prevalence and severity of these impairments.
Children whose preschool experience is more academically directed and child-initiated are retained less often than their peers. Their later school success will be enhanced by more active, child-initiated early learning experiences.
To improve the academic performance of children, preschools are under increasing pressure to offer instruction in basic academic skills
Transition to Kindergarten
For some preschool children, the transition to kindergarten is monumental. In addition to the emotional stress of being separated from parents for a longer period of time and the move from a relaxed free-play environment to a more structured classroom setting is a dramatic change and requires many adjustments.
Children have to cope with many new demands such as learning a new school and teacher expectations and forming new peer groups. This transition can be especially hard for children who have not learned the basic skills. These skills include paying attention, following instructions, and inhibiting inappropriate actions.
All skills learned in preschool will help the child possess basic regulatory skills necessary for success in school. Preschoolers who lack these skills are more susceptible to disciplinary action when they reach school age. They are also at greater risk for peer rejection and low academic achievement.
Advantages of Pre-school
Research has proved that children who attend some form of pre-school are associated with higher early literacy attainment than being cared for exclusively at home. A number of studies have established that wide-ranging, high-quality programs for children aged between 3 and 5 benefit early literacy. Preschool programs boosts phonological skills and literacy. Children who had attended no form of pre-school provision at had lower average scores on every measure of attainment.
Early Years of Development
The early years of a child’s learning makes a significant difference to the way they develop and go on to learn throughout their lives. Getting it right at this vital stage of a child’s development will build the lifelong foundations of success for children. Attending some form of a pre-school rather than not attending any or very little appears to be correlated with higher literacy attainment.
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